Merida is the capital and most populated city of the state of Yucatan, Mexico, it is located in the homonymous municipality that is in the Metropolitan Influence Zone or Region VI of the state. It is located 1318 km from the capital of the country, Mexico City.
The city was founded on January 6, 1542 on the vestiges of the Mayan city called T'Ho, which was virtually uninhabited when the Europeans conquered the Yucatan peninsula.
In the year 2000 the city was named the American Capital of Culture by virtue of the impulse it has given to cultural activities, being the first city to receive this distinction that once again has been granted for the year 2017. The city has been headquarters of two binational meetings United States - Mexico, the first in 1999, and the second in 2007. In recent dates also some international scientific events have been held in the city of Merida, such as the International Mathematical Olympiad in 2005, The International Computing Olympiad in 2006, the International Physics Olympiad in 2009. In 2011, the NGO International Committee of the Flag of Peace awarded the "City of Peace" recognition to Mérida, due to its outstanding social security .15 16 In 2014, the city hosted the VI Summit of the Association of Caribbean States, hosting more than 25 heads of state. In November 2015, the city received Cuban President Raúl Castro on his first visit as head of state to Mexico, in a bilateral meeting.